A fire is happening. There are doors in the building, but you can’t tell if they’re safe to use. What’s your exit route plan?
In the event of a fire, you wouldn’t have much time for life-saving questions. That’s why we proudly create doorways to safety as we know that lives depend on them. However, knowing if the fire doors in your building are up to scratch or not can be a difficult task without any inspection guidelines.
Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered. Our Fire Door Checklist contains everything you need to know. There’s no time to lose, get it right the Vigor way.Download PDF
Why Fire Doors Matter
At Vigor Doors, we’re fire door experts and we manufacture fire doors every day. We aim to ensure that everyone around us is educated on fire safety, with that said let us tell you why fire doors matter.
Fire doors are much more than just a door, though the exterior of one may not show this on the first impression. Put simply, they’re constructed using solid materials and feature an intumescent seal, which seals the door effectively in the case of a fire. This may seem like high-tech stuff, but any fire door should be manufactured in this way.
Designed to protect from fire and smoke for up to a maximum period of time (usually 30 or 60 minutes), they’re also built to provide a safe exit route. That’s why their placement is especially crucial when it comes to saving lives. There’s a strategy behind where these doors should be.
Where Fire Doors Are Needed
When fire doors are placed correctly, they form a passive fire protection system between components of a building’s structure. They’re fitted across a range of dwellings from houses to commercial properties and different rules apply to each. Fire doors need to be placed strategically, otherwise, they lose much of their use.
For those seeking to fit fire doors in a building of your own, you’ll need professional advice. This is especially true for those that are renting properties that are going to house occupants. As a general rule, fire doors shouldn’t impede the way in which a building normally functions.
Types of Fire Doors (FD30 and FD60)
One size may fit all in some cases, but not when it comes to fire doors. In fact, fire doors are variable though at their core they all serve the same purpose. The FD30 is the most common fire door, which will last a minimum of 30 minutes during a fire. These doors are usually 44/45mm thick. Heavy and robust, this door is most likely to be found in commercial and residential builds.
Stepping up in protection coverage from this door is the FD60. The fire-rated door can last for a minimum of 60 minutes during a fire and are usually 54mm thick. Some FD60 doors can last for up to 4 hours or more (though this is dependent on its rating) and they’re found in commercial builds.
All fire doors need a solid core construction. Manufacturers typically use durable materials including timber, magboard, flaxboard and particleboard. The way in which a door is assembled can vary, though as separate components all parts must be tested together to receive a certified rating.
At Vigor Doors we offer a range of different types of fire doors including paint grade, veneered, laminate, foil and vision panel. And, we can add features as per your specifications including certified ironmongery and air transfer gills. Our Fire Door Checklist includes more information about how to inspect a fire door’s construction.
Fire Door Components
As with standard doors, fire doors are constructed with several components. Each component requires a standard of attention to detail like no other. This is because, in the case of a fire, no one part can be slacking. The different elements that work together give the door its overall fire rating (FD30 and FD60). Outside of the door itself, an effective fire door must use an intumescent seal, door hinges, letter plates, locks and latches, hold-open devices, air transfer grills and more.
Can you open and close a door smoothly? Are latches strong enough to keep the door firmly in place? Do you see 3 or more hinges present, and are they the correct size?
There are lots of factors to think about.
Designing and manufacturing each to perform at their best during a fire can be quite a task. At Vigor Doors we construct complete doors, inclusive of all the extra components to ensure the right protection is in place.
When it comes to testing, each component is vigorously inspected for performance, giving our buyers complete peace of mind. Take our word with our fire door Checklist, we know our stuff. We are built for life.